Have you ever been thirsty, but couldn’t find water instantly to quench your thirst? Such situation is better imagined than experienced. Every living thing depends on water for survival.
Water is personified as life itself by one school of thought, because of the heavy reliance on its potentials. Even nature relinquished supremacy to water by allowing over 70% of the earth crust to be occupied by water. Furthermore, about 70% of the human body is made up of water.
Conservation of water is a term used to make available this nature’s gift when needed. Noted is the fact that water is finite in supply. This article outlines methods for preservation of water resource for effective utilization and timely availability.
Personal utilization of water mostly occurs domestically. In other to manage the supply of water at homes, it is important to avoid certain wasteful habits. While washing dishes, avoid rinsing of dishes under running water. Instead, dishes should be rinsed in a bowl of water. Such effort allow for reuse of the water for other fitting activities. Furthermore, it is important to carry routine maintenance on water piping systems. Damaged and over aged pipes should be replaced with new once so as to prevent loss of water through leaks. Storage reserves such as jerry cans and bucket with firm closings should be made available for domestic water storage, since water supply for domestic utilization is not frequently available.
Water available in soil support plant growth. Direct and continuous exposure of the soil to the sun causes dryness to soil because of evaporation of available water deposit from the soil surface. Planting of cover crops such as oats, crimson clover, cereal rye, groundnut, etc. helps to retain soil moisture as well as preventing erosion. Furthermore, change of crop patterns helps to utilize available water supply. Some perishable crops like onions, tomatoes garden eggs, etc. thrives using irrigational methods for cultivation while crops like rice, sugarcane, cotton, etc. need intensive supply of water for growth.
Recycling of water is any activity that processes water for reuse. Example of such activities include, but are not limited to: filtration, distillation, decantation, etc. Recycling makes waste water suitable for use again, instead of being discarding.
REDISTRIBUTION OF WATER
Redistribution is a means of making water available to areas at distance from the source. Redistribution of water can be carried out through underground piping systems or using water tankers. Redistribution conveniently makes water readily available at point of needs.
Rain collection is the most traditional method for conservation of water. This method involves trapping of rainwater into reservoirs for use.
Water supply is not always available as demanded. It is pertinent to prepare for the raining day using conservative tips